Ernest Barnes was born in Durham, North Carolina in 1938. His father was a shipping clerk and his mother a housekeeper for attorney Frank L. Fuller Jr.
Kenneth Noland was an American painter. He was one of the best-known American Color Field painters, although in the 1950s he was thought of as an abstract expressionist and in the early 1960s he was thought of as a minimalist painter. Noland helped establish the Washington Color School movement.
Hughie Lee-Smith an African-American artist, born in Eustis, Florida in 1915. In 1938, he graduated with honors from the Cleveland School of Art and worked for the Federal Arts Project of the Works Progress Administration, creating paintings that focused on social justice and racial equality.