Avery was born in 1885, in Altmar, a small town in upstate New York. His father was a tanner, who moved the family to a small town near Hartford, Connecticut when Avery was thirteen. The youngest of four children, Avery help to support the family by doing factory work, starting at age sixteen.
Thomas Hart Benton Painting The Rape of Persephone, 1938 Thomas Hart Benton (1889-1975) chronicled the beauty, joys and sorrows of everyday life in America, until the day he died. Early Life Benton was born in 1889 in Neosho, Missouri, the oldest of four children. He spent much of his childhood and adolescence in Washington, D.C., [...]
Oscar Bluemner was called The Vermillionaire by other artists because of his use of brilliant reds and bold colors. Bluemner was a driving force in the creation of American Modernism. Early Life and Education Oscar Bluemner was born in Prenzlau, Germany in 1876, to a family of artists and artisans. In 1885, Bluemner was given a solo exhibition at [...]
Charles Burchfield was an American artist, known for his startling, dreamlike watercolor landscapes and lithographs. Early Life and Education Charles Burchfield was born in Ashtabula Harbor in 1893. He was raised in Salem, in Ohio, by his widowed mother. Many of Burchfield’s paintings are of views from the house in Salem, and of the house itself, where [...]
Early Life Alexander Calder in Stedelijk Museum A'dam. 2 October, 1969 Collectie / Archief : Fotocollectie Anefo Alexander Calder was born in Lawton, Pennsylvania, in 1898, to a family of talented artists. His grandfather, Alexander Milner Calder was a sculptor, who emigrated from Scotland to Philadelphia in 1868. He is best known for his monumental sculpture [...]
Elizabeth Catlett was born in Washington, D.C. in 1915, the youngest of three children. Her parents were the children of freed slaves. Her mother worked as a truant officer for the D.C. public school system. Her father, who died before she was born, taught math at Tuskegee University and made wood carvings in his spare time. One of his woodcarvings, of a bird, fascinated Catlett, and she aspired to be an artist as early as age six.
Stuart Davis was an American painter whose European influences, combined with his American sensibilities, made him one of the most important modern painters of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Stuart Davis was born in 1892, to a family that encouraged his talents from an early age. His father, Edward Wyatt Davis, was the art editor [...]
Born in Richmond, Virginia, Robert Gwathmey (1903-1988) became an artist known for his Social Realist depictions of life in the rural South. He was one of the first white artists to create dignified images of African-American people and did so in a style that was modernist with many geometric forms and bold colororation. He spent most of [...]
Roy Lichtenstein in front of one of his paintings at an exhibition in Stedelijk Museum.Eric Koch / Anefo 3 November, 1967 Roy Lichtenstein was an painter, sculptor, printmaker and educator whose iconic works helped shape the Pop art movement. Early Life and Education Roy Lichtenstein was born and raised in Manhattan’s Upper West Side in [...]
Born in Ludvinovka in the Ukraine, Louis Lozowick (1892-1973) became best known for his lithographs of skyscrapers, constructions, and machinery, a series spanning fifty years. He attended the Kiev Art School from 1904 to 1906 and emigrated to the United States at age 14. In New York, he studied for three years at the National Academy of [...]
John Marin (1870-1953) was born in Rutherford, New Jersey. His father was a public accountant; his mother died only nine days after his birth. He was taken to his maternal grandparents with whom he lived in Weehawken, New Jersey. His grandparents, with their son and two daughters were the only parents Marin was to know; it has [...]
Maurice Prendergast was one of America’s most original painters. His works, although labeled Impressionist, have both a European and American sensibility, but are unlike the works of other artists of his time. Maurice Prendergast, 1913 Prendergast was, during much of his lifetime, a painter’s painter. It wasn’t until around the start of World War 1, [...]
Norman Rockwell circa 1950. Norman Rockwell Museum, Licensed by Norman Rockwell Licensing, Niles, IL. "I love to tell stories in pictures. The story is the first and the last thing. That isn’t what a fine art man goes for, but I go for it.” — Norman Rockwell Early Life and Education Normal Rockwell was born [...]
Frank Stella Retrospective, Whitney Museum of American Artby naotakem is licensed under CC BY 2.0 Frank Stella is an American painter, sculptor and master printmaker whose idea of a painting as an object, had a profound impact on how we view art. “What you see is what you see.” he said. Early Life and Education Frank [...]
Born in Muro Lucano, near Naples, Italy, Joseph Stella (1877-1946) is best known for his painting Brooklyn Bridge, 1919 a futurist work that is an icon of the Industrial Age. He arrived in the United States in 1896 and studied medicine and pharmacology and then attended the Art Students League under William Merritt Chase. From 1900 -1909, [...]
Mark Tobey (1890-1976) was a painter of small abstract works with underlying religious themes as well as an illustrator and muralist. Tobey remains known primarily for his "white writing" paintings that give the impression of being expansive and much larger than they actually are.
Max Weber (1881-1961) was born in Russia and at age ten emigrated with his family to the United States, settling in New York City. Weber is considered one of America's earliest modernists, and his long career witnessed many stylistic changes. Through the 1920s his work paid homage to such European artists as Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Pablo [...]