Maria Oakey Dewing was an American flower painter, and an important role model for women in the arts at the turn of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Maria Oakey was born in New York City in 1845. She was the fifth of ten children born to Sally and William Oakey. William Oakey was in the [...]
Richard Diebenkorn was born April 22, 1922 in Portland, Oregon. Richard Diebenkorn was an American abstract expressionist painter, who marched to the beat of his own drummer, ignoring art trends and painting the light and landscapes that he glimpsed from his Ocean Park studio. Early Life and Education Richard Diebenkorn was born in Portland, Oregon [...]
Walton Ford in his studio, 2017 Walton Ford is an American artist, whose works combine history, science and mythology to explore the effects that humans and the environment have on birds and mammals. Early Life and Education Walton Ford was born in Larchmont, New York in 1960, one of four children. Walton's father, Enfield Berry [...]
Jean Dubuffet was a French painter and sculptor who brought a wild and savage style of art to post-war France and America. “Man’s need for art is absolutely primordial,” he said, “as strong as, and perhaps stronger than, our need for bread. Without bread, we die of hunger, but without art we die of boredom.” Early Life [...]
Edmund Dulac was a French-born, naturalized British painter, author and illustrator, whose work is as charming and sought after today as it was when he created it, in the first half of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Edmund Dulac was born in Toulouse, France in 1882. Although he showed a penchant for drawing and painting [...]
Mabel Dwight (1876-1955) was one of America’s leading lithography artists in the first half of the twentieth century. She was a keen and compassionate observer of the human condition. Dwight, an only child, was burnin Cincinnati, raised in New Orleans and traveled extensively throughout her life. She studied painting at the Hopkins School of Art in San [...]
John Joseph Enneking (1841-1916) was one of America’s first great impressionist painters. After the loss of his parents when he was young, and being wounded and taken prisoner by the Confederates while serving as a Union soldier during the Civil War, Enneking went to Boston to begin his career as an artist. He studied in Paris and [...]
Richard Estes was born in 1932 in Kewanee, Illinois, but moved to Chicago at an early age. He remained there to study at the Art Institute of Chicago in the 1950s, where his training centered on figure drawing and traditional academic painting, the style that interested him most. Estes is one of the foremost proponents of the Photo-Realist movement, [...]
Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) was born in Michigan. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Art Students League in New York, and left for France in 1898, when he was twenty four. He remained in France for the rest of his life, and was the most popular living American artist at the height of his [...]
William Glackens was an American painter whose work and life had a profound influence on twentieth century American art.
Abbott Fuller Graves (1859-1936) was an American artist, illustrator and educator who studied in Paris with Georges Jeannin, one of the most famous flower painters in Europe. Graves taught at the Cowles Art School in Boston and, in 1891, opened his own art school in Kenebunkport, Maine. Graves kept his connection with Jeannin, make occasional tips to [...]
Jack Lorimer Gray was a Canadian artist, with strong ties to West Palm Beach, who was as much at home at sea as on land, and is best known for his maritime paintings. Early Life and Education Jack Lorimer Gray, circa 1967 Jack Lorimer Gray was the only child of Scottish parents, who emigrated to [...]
Born in Rochester, New York, Emile Gruppe (1896-1978) became a renowned New England landscape and marine painter. Although he is best known for his variety of Impressionistic landscapes, he also painted figures and portraits. His modern style was largely inherited from French Impressionist Claude Monet. "Lily Pads," date and location unknown, one of Gruppes landscapes, attests to [...]
Born in Richmond, Virginia, Robert Gwathmey (1903-1988) became an artist known for his Social Realist depictions of life in the rural South. He was one of the first white artists to create dignified images of African-American people and did so in a style that was modernist with many geometric forms and bold colororation. He spent most of [...]
Keith Haring in 1985.Photo by David Howard Keith Haring was an American street artist and activist, whose easily recognizable work has been inspirational to his admirers around the world. Early Life and Education Keith Haring was born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1958 and raised in Kutztown, Pennsylvania. He was the oldest, and only son, of [...]
Through his work and deeds, Childe Hassam helped to bring Impressionism to mainstream America. Early Years Frederick Childe Hassam was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts. His father’s cutlery business was destroyed in the Great Boston Fire of 1872. Although an uncle offered to send him to Harvard, Hassam chose, instead, to take a job to help support his [...]
Born Robert Henry Cozad in Cincinnati, Ohio, he became one of the leading personalities in American art, known for his teaching skills, ethnic portraits, especially spirited children, and insistence that artists should adhere to social realism and give rein to their own artistic instincts. During his growing up years, he lived between Cincinnati and Cozad, Nebraska, founded [...]
David Hockney at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, which has an exhibition of newly painted portraits. "When I’m in the studio, I feel like I’m 30," he says. "But when I leave it, I know I’m 80." (Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times) Early Years and Education David Hockney was born in the [...]
David Hockney is one of the most brilliant and venerated artists of the 20th and 21st centuries. Hockney set up residence in California in 1964, and painted the swimming pools that are commonplace in California but a rarity in his home country of England. His paintings resonated with people around the world and have become modern icons.
Photograph of Winslow Homer taken in N. Y., 1880 Albumen print by Napoleon Sarony, American, 1821-1896. Gift of the Homer Family, Bowdoin College Museum of Art. Quiet, thoughtful and seclusive, Winslow Homer became one of America’s most beloved artists. Homer was able to capture the raw beauty of people, the land and, especially, the sea. [...]
Robert Indiana in 2013 in front of one of his famous “LOVE” designs at New York’s Whitney Museum of American Art. (Lauren Casselberry/AP) Robert Indiana is one of America’s most renown contemporary artists. His iconic works are recognized throughout the world. Early Life and Education Robert Indiana was born in New Castle, Indiana in 1928. [...]
Jasper Johns is a master American painter and printmaker, whose work and ideas bridged the gap between the Dada and Post-impressionist movements.
Genre-figure painter Francis Coates Jones (1857-1932), was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Jones first expressed an interest in art in 1876 when visiting Edwin Abbey. Jones and his brother, H. Bolton Jones, a painter of landscapes, then worked at Pont-Aven, Brittany, in an artists' colony attended by Robert Wylie and Thomas Hovenden. Pont-Aven would soon become famous for [...]
Born in Stuttgart, Germany in 1927, Wolf Kahn has been creating landscapes in rich, vibrant oils, pastels and prints for more than sixty years.
Alex Katz was born in Brooklyn in 1927, raised in Queens, and has lived in his SoHo loft since 1968. His parents, who emigrated from Russia, encouraged Katz’s interest in the arts. He attended Woodrow Wilson High School, whose curriculum allowed him to study academic subjects in the morning and arts in the afternoon.
Brian Donnelly (born 1974), known professionally as Kaws (stylized as KAWS), is an American artist and designer. His work includes repeated use of a cast of figurative characters and motifs, some dating back to the beginning of his career in the 1990s, initially painted in 2D and later realised in 3D. Some of his characters are his [...]
Ellsworth Kelly photographed in 1965 Ellsworth Kelly was an American artist whose work opened the door for post-war artists to explore minimalism, hard-edge, Color Field paintings and Pop Art. Early Life and Education Ellsworth Kelly was born in Newburgh, New York in 1923 and raised in the small town of Oradell, New Jersey. He [...]
Scott Kelley is an artist and naturalist living on Peaks Island, Maine Scott Kelley is an American artist, whose focus is on the birds and landscapes surrounding his home in Maine. Early Life and Education Scott Kelley was born in Binghamton, New York in 1963. “Having grown up as an only child,” he says, “I [...]
Louis Aston Knight (1873-1948) was the son of the American expatriate painter, Daniel Ridgway Knight. Louis Aston Knight was born in America and began studying art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Art. In 1872, he traveled to Paris and continued to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Thereafter, he remained in Europe, and studied in the academic [...]
Jeff Koons, 2014 Jeff Koons is one of America’s most successful and controversial artists. Early Life and Education Jeff Koons was born in York, Pennsylvania in 1955. His father was an interior designer, his mother a seamstress. Koons showed an interest in art at a young age. One of his teenage idols was Salvador [...]
Julio Larraz is best known for his precise and detailed technique, his imagination, and his unique subtle touch. Julio Larraz was born in Havana, Cuba, on March 12, 1944. The son of a newspaper publisher, he began to draw at a very early age. In 1961 his parents moved to Miami, Florida, taking the whole [...]
Jacob Lawrence was an African-American painter known for his portrayal of African-American life.
Canadian-American painter, Ernest Lawson (1873-1939) was a member of the group of eight, a group of artists which included the group's leaders Robert Henri, John Sloan, William Glackens and others. Though he painted mainly landscapes, he also did some realistic urban scenes which were shown at the 1908 exhibition of the Eight. Though considered an impressionist, Lawson's [...]
Martin Lewis was one of the most masterful etchers in America. His friends included Edward Hopper, who asked him to teach him printmaking techniques.
Roy Lichtenstein in front of one of his paintings at an exhibition in Stedelijk Museum.3 November, 1967 Roy Lichtenstein was an painter, sculptor, printmaker and educator whose iconic works helped shape the Pop art movement. Early Life and Education Roy Lichtenstein was born and raised in Manhattan’s Upper West Side in 1923, the oldest of [...]
Richard Lindner (1901-1978) was born in Hamburg, Germany and is well known for his quirky POP artworks. His style blends a mechanistic cubism with personal images and haunting symbolism.
Born in Ludvinovka in the Ukraine, Louis Lozowick (1892-1973) became best known for his lithographs of skyscrapers, constructions, and machinery, a series spanning fifty years. He attended the Kiev Art School from 1904 to 1906 and emigrated to the United States at age 14. In New York, he studied for three years at the National Academy of [...]
George Luks (1867-1933) was born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Luks received his first art instruction from his parents who pursued painting as a hobby. At seventeen he entered the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Later he went to Düsseldorf where he lived with a distant relative, a retired lion-tamer. He abandoned Düsseldorf for the more stimulating spheres of [...]
John Marin (1870-1953) was born in Rutherford, New Jersey. His father was a public accountant; his mother died only nine days after his birth. He was taken to his maternal grandparents with whom he lived in Weehawken, New Jersey. His grandparents, with their son and two daughters were the only parents Marin was to know; it has [...]
Portrait of Reginald March by Alexander Brook, 1929 Reginald Marsh was one of America’s finest painters and chroniclers of urban life in the 1930s and 40s. Early Life and Education Reginald Marsh was born in Paris in 1898, in an apartment above the Café du Dôme, where artists and writers gathered. Marsh was the second [...]
French artist, Henri Matisse (1869-1954) was known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the [...]
"The more ignoble I find life, the more strongly I react by contradiction, in humor and in an outburst of liberty and expansion." — Joan Miro Early Life and Education The artist Joan Miró in front of one of his works Spanish painter, printmaker and sculptor, Joan Miro, was born in Barcelona in 1893. Miro’s father [...]
Luis Montoya and Leslie Ortiz have been working together since 1994. Their works are as unique and their collaboration. We asked them to tell us how their partnership came about, and Leslie was gracious enough to tell us about their backgrounds and how, almost twenty five years ago, they serendipitously became one of the most remarkable artistic [...]
Dale Nichols (1904–1995) Dale Nichols was an American Regionalist painter and illustrator, who traveled extensively, but always went back to his Nebraska roots for inspiration. Early Life and Education Dale Nichols was born in 1904, in David City, Nebraska. His family had a grain and livestock farm, so Nichols spent his childhood doing chores and [...]
William McGregor Paxton(June 22, 1869 – 1941) William McGregor Paxton’s great talent and skill gave him entrée into a world he wasn’t born to, but which he captured beautifully on canvas. Paxton was born into a working class family. His father ran a catering business in Newton Corner, Massachusetts in the mid-1870s. Finding His Muse [...]
Jane Peterson was one of the most intriguing artists of the twentieth century, with a unique style that combined both Impressionism and Expressionism. Jane Peterson sketching on the beachJane Peterson Papers, 1907-1981, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Early Life and Education Jane Peterson was born in Elgin, Illinois in 1876. She was named Jennie, [...]
In 1949, Albanian-American photographer Gjon Mili was able to make an appointment with Pablo Picasso at his studio in Vallauris France. Trained as an engineer and self-taught in photography, Gjon Mili was the first to use electronic flash and stroboscopic light to create photographs that had more than scientific interest. “Painting is a blind [...]
Edward H. Potthast (1857-1927) was an American Impressionist painter. He is known for his paintings of people at leisure in Central Park, and on the beaches of New York and New England. His work is included in many major museums in the United States. He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. From June 10, 1879 to March 9, [...]
Maurice Prendergast was one of America’s most original painters. His works, although labeled Impressionist, have both a European and American sensibility, but are unlike the works of other artists of his time. Maurice Prendergast, 1913 Prendergast was, during much of his lifetime, a painter’s painter. It wasn’t until around the start of World War 1, [...]
Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) was an American artist who came to prominence in the 1950s transition from Abstract Expressionism to Pop Art. Rauschenberg is well-known for his "Combines" of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in innovative combinations. Rauschenberg was both a painter and a sculptor and the Combines are a combination of both, [...]
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, c. 1910 Pierre-Auguste Renoir was one of the world's leading Impressionist painters, whose works chronicled modern life in France during, the last decades of the nineteenth century, and whose style bridged the gap between the Renaissance painters who came before him and the Fauvists and Cubists who came after. Early Life and Education [...]
Known for his paintings of prize-fighting and circus-genre scenes and lithography of gigantic size compositions, Robert Riggs (1869-1970) had a highly successful career as an artist, especially in the 1930s and 40s. His painting "The Brown Bomber," showed the boxing victory of Joe Louis over Max Schmeling. This is one of the paintings that earned Riggs election [...]
Growing up in a genteel family in New York City, Rockwell Kent (1882-1971) was a member of the rugged realist school of landscape painters as well as a popular illustrator and printmaker. His 1930 illustrations for Moby Dick are among his most lasting achievements. He was the first American artist to have work exhibited in the Soviet [...]
Norman Rockwell circa 1950. Norman Rockwell Museum, Licensed by Norman Rockwell Licensing, Niles, IL. "I love to tell stories in pictures. The story is the first and the last thing. That isn’t what a fine art man goes for, but I go for it.” — Norman Rockwell Early Life and Education Normal Rockwell was born [...]
James Rosenquist was one of America's most influential Pop artists, known for his enormous compositions relating to consumerism, politics and science. James Rosenquist, Bedford, New York, 2012. Photo © Annie Leibovitz Early Life and Education James Rosenquist was born in Grand Forks, North Dakota in 1933 to parents of Scandinavian descent. The family moved often, his father [...]
Recognized as the leading portraitist in England and the United States at the turn of the century, John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) was acclaimed for his elegant and very stylish depictions of high society. Known for his technical precocity, he shunned traditional academic precepts in favor of a modern approach towards technique, color and form, thereby making his [...]
Palmer Schoppe's (1912-2001) artistic leanings were evident since childhood so that his brief year at Yale and then the New York Art Students League from 1930 to 1934 was natural. Upon his return home to Santa Monica, after four years of jazz and blues in New York and in the Gullah community of South Carolina and in [...]
Alfred Sisley (1939-1899) was a French Impressionist painter who in 1862 joined the studio of Charles Gleyre, which Monet, Renoir and Frederic Bazille also attended. When Gleyre's studio closed in 1863, Sisley went on to paint with Monet, Renoir and Bazille. His first paintings reflect the Barbizon school traditions but with independent style. Sisley's paintings were accepted [...]
Born in 1951, Hunt Slonem is an American painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He is best known for his Neo-Expressionist paintings of tropical birds, often based on a personal aviary in which he has been keeping from 30 to over 100 live birds of various species. Slonem's works are included in many important museum collections all over the world.
Born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, John Sloan (1852-1931) became one of the major early 20th- century figures in New York, pioneering the Social Realist movement with Robert Henri and his circle. He was also an illustrator and early eastern painter in the Southwest. Sloan moved with his family to Philadelphia where he attended Central High School and [...]