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Milton Avery

Through the harmonious blending of color and form, the work of Milton Avery appears quiet and serene, yet extremely powerful. In his own reserved way, Avery influenced a generation of painters, including Mark Rothko and Adolph Gottlieb. The Early Years Avery was born in 1885, in Altmar, a small town in upstate New York. His father was [...]

Gifford Beal

Gifford Beal was an American painter, printmaker and muralist, whose early work was associated with the Ashcan School. Early Life and Education Gifford Beal was born in New York in 1879, the youngest of six children. His father, William Reynolds Beal, his oldest brother, Reynolds Beal, and his niece, Marjorie Acker, were all accomplished painters. Beal’s formal [...]

Cecilia Beaux

Cecilia Beaux was an American Impressionist painter, known for her portraits, done with great technical skill and sensitive observation of her subjects. Early Life and Education Cecilia Beaux was born in Philadelphia in 1855. Her mother died twelve days after giving birth, at age 33. Beaux's father, French silk manufacturer, Jean Adolph Beaux, returned to France after [...]

James Carroll Beckwith

James Carroll Beckwith was an American painter whose powerful portraits, murals and paintings of historical monuments are part of permanent museum collections around the world. He signed his work Carroll Beckwith. Early Life and Education James Carroll Beckwith was born in Hannibal, Missouri in 1852, and raised in Chicago, where his father opened a wholesale grocery business. [...]

Cecil Bell

Cecil Crosley Bell was an American painter and printmaker and member of the Ashcan School. He had a great talent for portraying his subjects with empathy, appreciation and humor. Early Life and Education Cecil Bell was born in Seattle in 1906. In 1928 he studied printmaking at the Chicago Art Institute. In 1930, Bell moved to New [...]

Frank Weston Benson

Frank Weston Benson was one of America's greatest Impressionist painters. He was one of  The Ten who exhibited together in order to advance creativity and originality in American art. Benson was extremely masterful with oils and watercolors and the etchings he did, of wildlife, hunting and fishing, were so in demand that the wildlife and sporting print itself [...]

Oscar Bluemner

Oscar Bluemner was called The Vermillionaire by other artists because of his use of brilliant reds and bold colors. Bluemner was a driving force in the creation of American Modernism. Early Life and Education Oscar Bluemner was born in Prenzlau, Germany in 1876, to a family of artists and artisans. In 1885, Bluemner was given a solo exhibition at [...]

John George Brown

John George Brown was one of the most popular artists in America at the turn of the twentieth century. His empathetic, and highly skilled, portrayal of children on the streets of New York made him a successful artist, whose works have been exhibited and sought out by collectors for more than a century. Early Life and Education [...]

Charles Burchfield

Charles Burchfield was an American artist, known for his startling, dreamlike watercolor landscapes and lithographs. Early Life and Education Charles Burchfield was born in Ashtabula Harbor in 1893. He was raised in Salem, in Ohio, by his widowed mother. Many of Burchfield’s paintings are of views from the house in Salem, and of the house itself, where [...]

Chuck Close

Chuck Close is an American photorealist portrait painter who has overcome learning disabilities, paralysis and the inability to recognize faces in order to pursue his art. Early Life and Education Chuck Close was born in Monroe, Washington in 1940. His father, Leslie Close, worked at a hardware store and also as a sheet metal worker when Close [...]

Charles Caryl Coleman

Charles Caryl Coleman was an American painter, associated with the Aesthetic Movement, who found his muse on the island of Capri. Early Life Charles Caryl Coleman was born in Buffalo, New York in 1840. Coleman studied with noted painter William Holbrook Beard, who lived in Buffalo for a brief time to help create an art community, which [...]

Miguel Covarrubias

Miguel Covarrubias was a Mexican-born painter, illustrator, caricaturist, author and anthropologist. His work as an archeologist tore down previous theories about ancient civilizations. Early Life and Education Jose Miguel Covarrubias was born in Mexico City in 1904. His upper class family was a cultural combination of Mexican, French and Spanish. At the age of 14, Covarrubias graduated [...]

John Steuart Curry

John Steuart Curry was an American Regionalist painter, illustrator, muralist and printmaker. His paintings of rural America were a comfort to many during the Great Depression. Early Life and Education John Stuart Curry was born in 1897 in Dunavant, Kansas, a town whose population was just 85 people in 1910. His parents, Smith and Margaret Curry, were [...]

Stuart Davis

Stuart Davis was an American painter whose European influences, combined with his American sensibilities, made him one of the most important modern painters of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Stuart Davis was born in 1892, to a family that encouraged his talents from an early age. His father, Edward Wyatt Davis, was the art editor [...]

Maria Oakey Dewing

Maria Oakey Dewing was an American flower painter, and an important role model for women in the arts at the turn of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Maria Oakey was born in New York City in 1845. She was the fifth of ten children born to Sally and William Oakey. William Oakey was in the [...]

Guy Pène du Bois

Guy Pène du Bois was an American painter, art critic and educator, of French ancestry, whose unique Ashcan paintings chronicled the social interactions between people in the early twentieth century. Early Life and Education Guy Pène du Bois was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1884. His art education began at the New York School of Art [...]

Jean Dubuffet

Jean Dubuffet was a French painter and sculptor who brought a wild and savage style of art to post-war France and America. “Man’s need for art is absolutely primordial,” he said, “as strong as, and perhaps stronger than, our need for bread. Without bread, we die of hunger, but without art we die of boredom.” Early Life [...]

Edmund Dulac

Edmund Dulac was a French-born, naturalized British painter, author and illustrator, whose work is as charming and sought after today as it was when he created it, in the first half of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Edmund Dulac was born in Toulouse, France in 1882. Although he showed a penchant for drawing and painting [...]

Mabel Dwight

Mabel Dwight (1876-1955) was one of America’s leading lithography artists in the first half of the twentieth century. She was a keen and compassionate observer of the human condition. Dwight, an only child, was burnin Cincinnati, raised in New Orleans and traveled extensively throughout her life. She studied painting at the Hopkins School of Art in San [...]

John Joseph Enneking

John Joseph Enneking (1841-1916) was one of America’s first great impressionist painters. After the loss of his parents when he was young, and being wounded and taken prisoner by the Confederates while serving as a Union soldier during the Civil War, Enneking went to Boston to begin his career as an artist. He studied in Paris and [...]

Richard Estes

Richard Estes was born in 1932 in Kewanee, Illinois, but moved to Chicago at an early age. He remained there to study at the Art Institute of Chicago in the 1950s, where his training centered on figure drawing and traditional academic painting, the style that interested him most. Estes is one of the foremost proponents of the Photo-Realist movement, [...]

Frederick Frieseke

Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) was born in Michigan. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Art Students League in New York, and left for France in 1898, when he was twenty four. He remained in France for the rest of his life, and was the most popular living American artist at the height of his [...]

Abbott Fuller Graves

Abbott Fuller Graves (1859-1936) was an American artist, illustrator and educator who studied in Paris with Georges Jeannin, one of the most famous flower painters in Europe. Graves taught at the Cowles Art School in Boston and, in 1891, opened his own art school in Kenebunkport, Maine. Graves kept his connection with Jeannin, make occasional tips to [...]

Emile Gruppe

Born in Rochester, New York, Emile Gruppe (1896-1978) became a renowned New England landscape and marine painter. Although he is best known for his variety of Impressionistic landscapes, he also painted figures and portraits. His modern style was largely inherited from French Impressionist Claude Monet. "Lily Pads," date and location unknown, one of Gruppes landscapes, attests to [...]

Robert Gwathmey

Born in Richmond, Virginia, Robert Gwathmey (1903-1988) became an artist known for his Social Realist depictions of life in the rural South. He was one of the first white artists to create dignified images of African-American people and did so in a style that was modernist with many geometric forms and bold colororation. He spent most of [...]

Childe Hassam

Through his work and deeds, Childe Hassam helped to bring Impressionism to mainstream America. 
Early Years Frederick Childe Hassam was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts. His father’s cutlery business was destroyed in the Great Boston Fire of 1872. Although an uncle offered to send him to Harvard, Hassam chose, instead, to take a job to help support his [...]

Robert Henri

Born Robert Henry Cozad in Cincinnati, Ohio, he became one of the leading personalities in American art, known for his teaching skills, ethnic portraits, especially spirited children, and insistence that artists should adhere to social realism and give rein to their own artistic instincts. During his growing up years, he lived between Cincinnati and Cozad, Nebraska, founded [...]

Robert Indiana

Robert Indiana is one of America’s most renown contemporary artists. His iconic works are recognized throughout the world. [photo]                                                                             [...]

Francis Coates Jones

Genre-figure painter Francis Coates Jones (1857-1932), was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Jones first expressed an interest in art in 1876 when visiting Edwin Abbey. Jones and his brother, H. Bolton Jones, a painter of landscapes, then worked at Pont-Aven, Brittany, in an artists' colony attended by Robert Wylie and Thomas Hovenden. Pont-Aven would soon become famous for [...]

Wolf Kahn

Wolf Kahn has been creating landscapes in rich, vibrant oils, pastels and prints for more than sixty years. Early Life and Education Wolf Kahn was born in Stuttgart, Germany in 1927, the youngest of four children. His father was a prominent composer and conductor with the Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra, who lost his appointment when the Nazis took [...]

Alex Katz

Early Years and Education Alex Katz was born in Brooklyn in 1927, raised in Queens, and has lived in his SoHo loft since 1968. His parents, who emigrated from Russia, encouraged Katz’s interest in the arts. He attended Woodrow Wilson High School, whose curriculum allowed him to study academic subjects in the morning and arts in the [...]

Louis Aston Knight

Louis Aston Knight (1873-1948) was the son of the American expatriate painter, Daniel Ridgway Knight. Louis Aston Knight was born in America and began studying art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Art. In 1872, he traveled to Paris and continued to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Thereafter, he remained in Europe, and studied in the academic [...]

Jacob Lawrence

Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000) was born in Atlantic City and came of age in Harlem during the Great Depression. During the 1930s, Lawrence received early artistic training under Charles Alston at the Utopia Children's Center in Harlem, and the Harlem Art Workshops at 135th Street Public Library and 306 West 141st Street, which were run by Augusta Savage. [...]

Ernest Lawson

Canadian-American painter, Ernest Lawson (1873-1939) was a member of the group of eight, a group of artists which included the group's leaders Robert Henri, John Sloan, William Glackens and others. Though he painted mainly landscapes, he also did some realistic urban scenes which were shown at the 1908 exhibition of the Eight. Though considered an impressionist, Lawson's [...]

Richard Lindner

Richard Lindner (1901-1978) was born in Hamburg, Germany and is well known for his quirky POP artworks. His style blends a mechanistic cubism with personal images and haunting symbolism.

Louis Lozowick

Born in Ludvinovka in the Ukraine, Louis Lozowick (1892-1973) became best known for his lithographs of skyscrapers, constructions, and machinery, a series spanning fifty years. He attended the Kiev Art School from 1904 to 1906 and emigrated to the United States at age 14. In New York, he studied for three years at the National Academy of [...]

George Luks

George Luks (1867-1933) was born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Luks received his first art instruction from his parents who pursued painting as a hobby. At seventeen he entered the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Later he went to Düsseldorf where he lived with a distant relative, a retired lion-tamer. He abandoned Düsseldorf for the more stimulating spheres of [...]

John Marin

John Marin (1870-1953) was born in Rutherford, New Jersey. His father was a public accountant; his mother died only nine days after his birth. He was taken to his maternal grandparents with whom he lived in Weehawken, New Jersey. His grandparents, with their son and two daughters were the only parents Marin was to know; it has [...]

Henri Matisse

French artist, Henri Matisse (1869-1954) was known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the [...]

Jane Peterson

Born Jennie Christine (1876-1965) in Elgin, Illinois, she officially changed her name to Jane Peterson in 1909 after her first success as an artist. Her family was of humble background but certainly not poverty stricken. She became famous for a wide range of works from landscapes to still lifes that blend Impressionist and Expressionist movements.

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