Impressionism

Cecilia Beaux

Cecilia Beaux was an American Impressionist painter, known for her portraits, done with great technical skill and sensitive observation of her subjects. Early Life and Education Cecilia Beaux was born in Philadelphia in 1855. Her mother died twelve days after giving birth, at age 33. Beaux's father, French silk manufacturer, Jean Adolph Beaux, returned to France after [...]

Frank Weston Benson

Frank Weston Benson was one of America's greatest Impressionist painters. He was one of  The Ten who exhibited together in order to advance creativity and originality in American art. Benson was extremely masterful with oils and watercolors and the etchings he did, of wildlife, hunting and fishing, were so in demand that the wildlife and sporting print itself [...]

Mary Cassatt

Mary Cassatt, after 1900Frederick Arnold Sweet Papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C. Artist: Mary Cassatt (1845-1926)Title: “Children Playing with a Cat”Created: 1908Medium: Oil on canvasSize: 32 x 39 ½ inches At a time when women were groomed to marry, stay at home and have children, Mary Cassatt was determined to [...]

Charles Caryl Coleman

Charles Caryl Coleman was an American painter, associated with the Aesthetic Movement, who found his muse on the island of Capri. Early Life Charles Caryl Coleman was born in Buffalo, New York in 1840. Coleman studied with noted painter William Holbrook Beard, who lived in Buffalo for a brief time to help create an art community, which [...]

Maria Oakey Dewing

Maria Oakey Dewing was an American flower painter, and an important role model for women in the arts at the turn of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Maria Oakey was born in New York City in 1845. She was the fifth of ten children born to Sally and William Oakey. William Oakey was in the [...]

John Joseph Enneking

John Joseph Enneking (1841-1916) was one of America’s first great impressionist painters. After the loss of his parents when he was young, and being wounded and taken prisoner by the Confederates while serving as a Union soldier during the Civil War, Enneking went to Boston to begin his career as an artist. He studied in Paris and [...]

Frederick Frieseke

Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) was born in Michigan. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Art Students League in New York, and left for France in 1898, when he was twenty four. He remained in France for the rest of his life, and was the most popular living American artist at the height of his [...]

William Glackens

Photograph of William James Glackens (1870 – 1938) William Glackens (1870-1938) was part of the American Realism movement, and was often referred to as The American Renoir. Glackens spent much of his career as an illustrator for magazines and newspapers. He traveled to Europe in 1895, where he studied independently. Glackens returned to New York [...]

Abbott Fuller Graves

Abbott Fuller Graves (1859-1936) was an American artist, illustrator and educator who studied in Paris with Georges Jeannin, one of the most famous flower painters in Europe. Graves taught at the Cowles Art School in Boston and, in 1891, opened his own art school in Kenebunkport, Maine. Graves kept his connection with Jeannin, make occasional tips to [...]

Jack Lorimer Gray

Jack Lorimer Gray (1927-1981)Photo circa 1967 Jack Lorimer Gray (1927-1981) was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Gray traveled briefly to Montreal in 1948, to take a life drawing course from Arthur Lismer at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. His first major solo exhibition was at the Hackmatack Inn in Chester, Nova Scotia in 1948, leading [...]

Emile Gruppe

Born in Rochester, New York, Emile Gruppe (1896-1978) became a renowned New England landscape and marine painter. Although he is best known for his variety of Impressionistic landscapes, he also painted figures and portraits. His modern style was largely inherited from French Impressionist Claude Monet. "Lily Pads," date and location unknown, one of Gruppes landscapes, attests to [...]

Childe Hassam

Through his work and deeds, Childe Hassam helped to bring Impressionism to mainstream America. 
Early Years Frederick Childe Hassam was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts. His father’s cutlery business was destroyed in the Great Boston Fire of 1872. Although an uncle offered to send him to Harvard, Hassam chose, instead, to take a job to help support his [...]

Francis Coates Jones

Genre-figure painter Francis Coates Jones (1857-1932), was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Jones first expressed an interest in art in 1876 when visiting Edwin Abbey. Jones and his brother, H. Bolton Jones, a painter of landscapes, then worked at Pont-Aven, Brittany, in an artists' colony attended by Robert Wylie and Thomas Hovenden. Pont-Aven would soon become famous for [...]

Max Koehne

Born in Halle, Germany, Max Koehne (1880-1968) was a colorist who created cheerful landscapes that appear to be painted spontaneously and with freshness. By 1912 he was producing work that would make him known as a "colourist of great distinction" by producing "paintings full of sparkling sunlight." His work was widely exhibited including the National Academy of [...]

Jane Peterson

Born Jennie Christine (1876-1965) in Elgin, Illinois, she officially changed her name to Jane Peterson in 1909 after her first success as an artist. Her family was of humble background but certainly not poverty stricken. She became famous for a wide range of works from landscapes to still lifes that blend Impressionist and Expressionist movements.

Edward H. Potthast

Edward H. Potthast (1857-1927) was an American Impressionist painter. He is known for his paintings of people at leisure in Central Park, and on the beaches of New York and New England. His work is included in many major museums in the United States. He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. From June 10, 1879 to March 9, [...]

John Singer Sargent

Recognized as the leading portraitist in England and the United States at the turn of the century, John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) was acclaimed for his elegant and very stylish depictions of high society. Known for his technical precocity, he shunned traditional academic precepts in favor of a modern approach towards technique, color and form, thereby making his [...]

Alfred Sisley

Alfred Sisley (1939-1899) was a French Impressionist painter who in 1862 joined the studio of Charles Gleyre, which Monet, Renoir and Frederic Bazille also attended. When Gleyre's studio closed in 1863, Sisley went on to paint with Monet, Renoir and Bazille. His first paintings reflect the Barbizon school traditions but with independent style. Sisley's paintings were accepted [...]

Raphael Soyer

Born in Borisoglebsk, Russia, Raphael Soyer (1899-1987) is identified as a Social Realist painter because of his interest in the common man, although he avoided subjects that were particularly critical of society. Soyer moved with his family to the Lower East Side of New York City in 1913, after they were deported from Russia by the Tsarist [...]

Anthony Thieme

Anthony Thieme (20 February 1888 – 6 December 1954) Anthony Thieme (1888-1954) was born in Rotterdam, Holland. He studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in The Hague, Holland, under George Hacker; Garlobini, Guardaciona; and Mancini in Italy. He also studied in Germany. In the 1920's he emigrated to the United States, initially residing in [...]

Elizabeth O’Neill Verner

Elizabeth O'Neill Verner (1883-1979) was from Charleston, South Carolina. Verner was part of a group of local artists and writers who spearheaded a cultural renewal for Charleston. She was one of the best known local artists to record views of Charleston's' lovely old homes, interesting buildings and distinctive people.

Everett Longley Warner

Genre-figure painter Francis Coates Jones (1877-1963) was born in Baltimore, Maryland. He first expressed an interest in art in 1876 when visiting Edwin Abbey. Jones and his brother, H. Bolton Jones, a painter of landscapes, then worked at Pont-Aven, Brittany in an artists' colony attended by Robert Wylie and Thomas Hovenden. Pont-Aven would soon become famous for Paul [...]

Theodore Wendel

Theodore Wendel (1859-1932) was the product of a Midwestern upbringing. He had two years of study at the University of Cincinnati School of Design and then continued his art studies in Munich. In 1897, he enrolled in Frank Duveneck's class at Polling, Bavaria and studied in Italy for several years as one of the "Duveneck Boys," spending [...]

Guy Wiggins

Guy Carleton Wiggins (February 23, 1883 – April 25, 1962) Early Years Guy Carlton Wiggins was born in Brooklyn in 1883. His father, landscape painter John Carlton Wiggins, encouraged his son to paint as early as age four. The family traveled to England during Wiggins early years and eventually returned to New York. Wiggins studied [...]

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