Artists

Milton Avery

2017-06-05T11:24:01+00:00

Through the harmonious blending of color and form, the work of Milton Avery appears quiet and serene, yet extremely powerful. In his own reserved way, Avery influenced a generation of painters, including Mark Rothko and Adolph Gottlieb. The Early Years Avery was born in 1885, in Altmar, a small town in upstate New York. His father was [...]

Gifford Beal

2017-06-05T11:23:58+00:00

Gifford Beal was an American painter, printmaker and muralist, whose early work was associated with the Ashcan School. Early Life and Education Gifford Beal was born in New York in 1879, the youngest of six children. His father, William Reynolds Beal, his oldest brother, Reynolds Beal, and his niece, Marjorie Acker, were all accomplished painters. Beal’s formal [...]

James Carroll Beckwith

2017-06-05T11:23:58+00:00

James Carroll Beckwith was an American painter whose powerful portraits, murals and paintings of historical monuments are part of permanent museum collections around the world. He signed his work Carroll Beckwith. Early Life and Education James Carroll Beckwith was born in Hannibal, Missouri in 1852, and raised in Chicago, where his father opened a wholesale grocery business. [...]

George Bellows

2017-06-21T12:33:56+00:00

George Bellows (1882-1925)photograph c.1920 by Nickolas Muray George Bellows turned down an offer to play baseball with the Cincinnati Reds and, instead, became one of the greatest American painters and chroniclers of the twentieth century. Early Life and Career Bellows was born in 1882, in Columbus, Ohio. Bellows mother was 40, and his father [...]

Frank Weston Benson

2016-10-12T12:16:32+00:00

Frank Weston Benson was one of America's greatest Impressionist painters. He was one of  The Ten who exhibited together in order to advance creativity and originality in American art. Benson was extremely masterful with oils and watercolors and the etchings he did, of wildlife, hunting and fishing, were so in demand that the wildlife and sporting print itself [...]

Oscar Bluemner

2017-06-05T11:23:58+00:00

Oscar Bluemner was called The Vermillionaire by other artists because of his use of brilliant reds and bold colors. Bluemner was a driving force in the creation of American Modernism. Early Life and Education Oscar Bluemner was born in Prenzlau, Germany in 1876, to a family of artists and artisans. In 1885, Bluemner was given a solo exhibition at [...]

John George Brown

2016-10-11T12:48:23+00:00

John George Brown was one of the most popular artists in America at the turn of the twentieth century. His empathetic, and highly skilled, portrayal of children on the streets of New York made him a successful artist, whose works have been exhibited and sought out by collectors for more than a century. Early Life and Education [...]

Orville Bulman

2017-06-13T10:08:56+00:00

Orville Bulman was a mostly self taught, mid-twentieth century American artist, whose work was inspired by his trips to Haiti and the American South. His many solo shows were usually sold out before the doors officially opened. Many collectors, including the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, had several of his paintings. Early Life and Family Orville Bulman [...]

Charles Burchfield

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Charles Burchfield was an American artist, known for his startling, dreamlike watercolor landscapes and lithographs. Early Life and Education Charles Burchfield was born in Ashtabula Harbor in 1893. He was raised in Salem, in Ohio, by his widowed mother. Many of Burchfield’s paintings are of views from the house in Salem, and of the house itself, where [...]

Paul Cadmus

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Photograph of Paul Cadmus, Jared French and George Tooker by George Platt Lynes, 1940’s Paul Cadmus was an American Modern Realist painter and printmaker. Like the Italian Renaissance painters he admired, Cadmus’ work was meticulous and technically brilliant. His erotic and sardonic works caused a stir in the 1930s, which helped to launch his career. [...]

Alexander Calder

2017-06-05T11:23:59+00:00

Artist Alexander Calder with his works ‘Edgar Varese’ & ‘Untitled,’ Sache, France, 1963Photograph by Ugo Mulas Early Life Alexander Calder was born in Lawton, Pennsylvania, in 1898, to a family of talented artists. His grandfather, Alexander Milner Calder was a sculptor, who emigrated from Scotland to Philadelphia in 1868. He is best known for his monumental [...]

Mary Cassatt

2017-06-05T11:23:59+00:00

Mary Cassatt, after 1900Frederick Arnold Sweet Papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C. At a time when women were groomed to marry, stay at home and have children, Mary Cassatt was determined to make a career of painting. Through talent and sheer will, she did just that, and became one of America’s most [...]

Marc Chagall

2017-06-05T11:23:56+00:00

Marc Chagall | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Marc Chagall painted a world filled with color, light and fantasy and brought an inimitable style of his own to twentieth century art. Early Life and Education Marc Chagall was born Moishe Segal in 1887 in the city of Vitebsk, now part of Belarus. He was the [...]

Chuck Close

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Chuck Close is an American photorealist portrait painter who has overcome learning disabilities, paralysis and the inability to recognize faces in order to pursue his art. Early Life and Education Chuck Close was born in Monroe, Washington in 1940. His father, Leslie Close, worked at a hardware store and also as a sheet metal worker when Close [...]

Charles Caryl Coleman

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Charles Caryl Coleman was an American painter, associated with the Aesthetic Movement, who found his muse on the island of Capri. Early Life Charles Caryl Coleman was born in Buffalo, New York in 1840. Coleman studied with noted painter William Holbrook Beard, who lived in Buffalo for a brief time to help create an art community, which [...]

Miguel Covarrubias

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Miguel Covarrubias was a Mexican-born painter, illustrator, caricaturist, author and anthropologist. His work as an archeologist tore down previous theories about ancient civilizations. Early Life and Education Jose Miguel Covarrubias was born in Mexico City in 1904. His upper class family was a cultural combination of Mexican, French and Spanish. At the age of 14, Covarrubias graduated [...]

John Steuart Curry

2016-10-11T12:48:28+00:00

John Steuart Curry was an American Regionalist painter, illustrator, muralist and printmaker. His paintings of rural America were a comfort to many during the Great Depression. Early Life and Education John Stuart Curry was born in 1897 in Dunavant, Kansas, a town whose population was just 85 people in 1910. His parents, Smith and Margaret Curry, were [...]

Stuart Davis

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Stuart Davis was an American painter whose European influences, combined with his American sensibilities, made him one of the most important modern painters of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Stuart Davis was born in 1892, to a family that encouraged his talents from an early age. His father, Edward Wyatt Davis, was the art editor [...]

Richard Diebenkorn

2017-06-05T11:23:56+00:00

Richard Diebenkorn was born April 22, 1922 in Portland, Oregon. Richard Diebenkorn was an American abstract expressionist painter, who marched to the beat of his own drummer, ignoring art trends and painting the light and landscapes that he glimpsed from his Ocean Park studio. Early Life and Education Richard Diebenkorn was born in Portland, Oregon [...]

Jean Dubuffet

2016-10-11T12:48:33+00:00

Jean Dubuffet was a French painter and sculptor who brought a wild and savage style of art to post-war France and America. “Man’s need for art is absolutely primordial,” he said, “as strong as, and perhaps stronger than, our need for bread. Without bread, we die of hunger, but without art we die of boredom.” Early Life [...]

Edmund Dulac

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Edmund Dulac was a French-born, naturalized British painter, author and illustrator, whose work is as charming and sought after today as it was when he created it, in the first half of the twentieth century. Early Life and Education Edmund Dulac was born in Toulouse, France in 1882. Although he showed a penchant for drawing and painting [...]

Mabel Dwight

2016-10-11T12:48:37+00:00

Mabel Dwight (1876-1955) was one of America’s leading lithography artists in the first half of the twentieth century. She was a keen and compassionate observer of the human condition. Dwight, an only child, was burnin Cincinnati, raised in New Orleans and traveled extensively throughout her life. She studied painting at the Hopkins School of Art in San [...]

John Joseph Enneking

2016-10-11T12:48:38+00:00

John Joseph Enneking (1841-1916) was one of America’s first great impressionist painters. After the loss of his parents when he was young, and being wounded and taken prisoner by the Confederates while serving as a Union soldier during the Civil War, Enneking went to Boston to begin his career as an artist. He studied in Paris and [...]

Richard Estes

2016-10-11T12:48:39+00:00

Richard Estes was born in 1932 in Kewanee, Illinois, but moved to Chicago at an early age. He remained there to study at the Art Institute of Chicago in the 1950s, where his training centered on figure drawing and traditional academic painting, the style that interested him most. Estes is one of the foremost proponents of the Photo-Realist movement, [...]

Frederick Frieseke

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) was born in Michigan. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Art Students League in New York, and left for France in 1898, when he was twenty four. He remained in France for the rest of his life, and was the most popular living American artist at the height of his [...]

Abbott Fuller Graves

2016-10-11T12:48:42+00:00

Abbott Fuller Graves (1859-1936) was an American artist, illustrator and educator who studied in Paris with Georges Jeannin, one of the most famous flower painters in Europe. Graves taught at the Cowles Art School in Boston and, in 1891, opened his own art school in Kenebunkport, Maine. Graves kept his connection with Jeannin, make occasional tips to [...]

Jack Lorimer Gray

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Jack Lorimer Gray (1927-1981)Photo circa 1967 Jack Lorimer Gray (1927-1981) was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Gray traveled briefly to Montreal in 1948, to take a life drawing course from Arthur Lismer at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. His first major solo exhibition was at the Hackmatack Inn in Chester, Nova Scotia in 1948, leading [...]

Emile Gruppe

2016-10-11T12:48:43+00:00

Born in Rochester, New York, Emile Gruppe (1896-1978) became a renowned New England landscape and marine painter. Although he is best known for his variety of Impressionistic landscapes, he also painted figures and portraits. His modern style was largely inherited from French Impressionist Claude Monet. "Lily Pads," date and location unknown, one of Gruppes landscapes, attests to [...]

Robert Gwathmey

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Born in Richmond, Virginia, Robert Gwathmey (1903-1988) became an artist known for his Social Realist depictions of life in the rural South. He was one of the first white artists to create dignified images of African-American people and did so in a style that was modernist with many geometric forms and bold colororation. He spent most of [...]

Keith Haring

2017-06-05T11:23:56+00:00

Keith Haring in 1985.Photo by David Howard Keith Haring was an American street artist and activist, whose easily recognizable work has been inspirational to his admirers around the world. Early Life and Education Keith Haring was born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1958 and raised in Kutztown, Pennsylvania. He was the oldest, and only son, of [...]

Childe Hassam

2016-10-11T12:48:45+00:00

Through his work and deeds, Childe Hassam helped to bring Impressionism to mainstream America. 
Early Years Frederick Childe Hassam was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts. His father’s cutlery business was destroyed in the Great Boston Fire of 1872. Although an uncle offered to send him to Harvard, Hassam chose, instead, to take a job to help support his [...]

Robert Henri

2017-06-05T11:23:57+00:00

Born Robert Henry Cozad in Cincinnati, Ohio, he became one of the leading personalities in American art, known for his teaching skills, ethnic portraits, especially spirited children, and insistence that artists should adhere to social realism and give rein to their own artistic instincts. During his growing up years, he lived between Cincinnati and Cozad, Nebraska, founded [...]

David Hockney

2017-06-14T11:11:24+00:00

Early Years and Education David Hockney was born in the city of Bradford, in Yorkshire, England in 1937. Hockney was the fourth of five children. He received his formal art education at the Bradford School of Art. After completing his National Service, as a hospital orderly, because of his status as a conscientious objector, he went on [...]

Winslow Homer

2017-06-05T11:23:59+00:00

Photograph of Winslow Homer taken in N. Y., 1880, albumen print by Napoleon Sarony, American, 1821-1896. Gift of the Homer Family, Bowdoin College Museum of Art. Quiet, thoughtful and seclusive, Winslow Homer became one of America’s most beloved artists. Homer was able to capture the raw beauty of people, the land and, especially, the sea. [...]

Robert Indiana

2016-10-11T12:48:49+00:00

Robert Indiana is one of America’s most renown contemporary artists. His iconic works are recognized throughout the world. [photo]                                                                             [...]

Jasper Johns

2017-06-05T11:23:59+00:00

Jasper Johns is a master American painter and printmaker, whose work and ideas bridged the gap between the Dada and Post-impressionist movements.

Francis Coates Jones

2016-10-11T12:48:51+00:00

Genre-figure painter Francis Coates Jones (1857-1932), was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Jones first expressed an interest in art in 1876 when visiting Edwin Abbey. Jones and his brother, H. Bolton Jones, a painter of landscapes, then worked at Pont-Aven, Brittany, in an artists' colony attended by Robert Wylie and Thomas Hovenden. Pont-Aven would soon become famous for [...]

Wolf Kahn

2016-10-11T12:48:52+00:00

Wolf Kahn has been creating landscapes in rich, vibrant oils, pastels and prints for more than sixty years. Early Life and Education Wolf Kahn was born in Stuttgart, Germany in 1927, the youngest of four children. His father was a prominent composer and conductor with the Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra, who lost his appointment when the Nazis took [...]

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