Born Jennie Christine (1876-1965) in Elgin, Illinois, she officially changed her name to Jane Peterson in 1909 after her first success as an artist. Her family was of humble background but certainly not poverty stricken. She became famous for a wide range of works from landscapes to still lifes that blend Impressionist and Expressionist movements.
In 1949, Albanian-American photographer Gjon Mili was able to make an appointment with Pablo Picasso at his studio in Vallauris France. Trained as an engineer and self-taught in photography, Gjon Mili was the first to use electronic flash and stroboscopic light to create photographs that had more than scientific interest. “Painting is a blind [...]
Edward H. Potthast (1857-1927) was an American Impressionist painter. He is known for his paintings of people at leisure in Central Park, and on the beaches of New York and New England. His work is included in many major museums in the United States. He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. From June 10, 1879 to March 9, [...]
Maurice Prendergast was one of America’s most original painters. His works, although labeled Impressionist, have both a European and American sensibility, but are unlike the works of other artists of his time. Maurice Prendergast, 1913 Prendergast was, during much of his lifetime, a painter’s painter. It wasn’t until around the start of World War 1, [...]
Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) was an American artist who came to prominence in the 1950s transition from Abstract Expressionism to Pop Art. Rauschenberg is well-known for his "Combines" of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in innovative combinations. Rauschenberg was both a painter and a sculptor and the Combines are a combination of both, [...]
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, c. 1910 Pierre-Auguste Renoir was one of the world's leading Impressionist painters, whose works chronicled modern life in France during, the last decades of the nineteenth century, and whose style bridged the gap between the Renaissance painters who came before him and the Fauvists and Cubists who came after. Early Life and Education [...]
Known for his paintings of prize-fighting and circus-genre scenes and lithography of gigantic size compositions, Robert Riggs (1869-1970) had a highly successful career as an artist, especially in the 1930s and 40s. His painting "The Brown Bomber," showed the boxing victory of Joe Louis over Max Schmeling. This is one of the paintings that earned Riggs election [...]
Growing up in a genteel family in New York City, Rockwell Kent (1882-1971) was a member of the rugged realist school of landscape painters as well as a popular illustrator and printmaker. His 1930 illustrations for Moby Dick are among his most lasting achievements. He was the first American artist to have work exhibited in the Soviet [...]
Norman Rockwell circa 1950. Norman Rockwell Museum, Licensed by Norman Rockwell Licensing, Niles, IL. "I love to tell stories in pictures. The story is the first and the last thing. That isn’t what a fine art man goes for, but I go for it.” — Norman Rockwell Early Life and Education Normal Rockwell was born [...]
James Rosenquist was one of America's most influential Pop artists, known for his enormous compositions relating to consumerism, politics and science. James Rosenquist, Bedford, New York, 2012. Photo © Annie Leibovitz Early Life and Education James Rosenquist was born in Grand Forks, North Dakota in 1933 to parents of Scandinavian descent. The family moved often, his father [...]
Recognized as the leading portraitist in England and the United States at the turn of the century, John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) was acclaimed for his elegant and very stylish depictions of high society. Known for his technical precocity, he shunned traditional academic precepts in favor of a modern approach towards technique, color and form, thereby making his [...]
Palmer Schoppe's (1912-2001) artistic leanings were evident since childhood so that his brief year at Yale and then the New York Art Students League from 1930 to 1934 was natural. Upon his return home to Santa Monica, after four years of jazz and blues in New York and in the Gullah community of South Carolina and in [...]
Alfred Sisley (1939-1899) was a French Impressionist painter who in 1862 joined the studio of Charles Gleyre, which Monet, Renoir and Frederic Bazille also attended. When Gleyre's studio closed in 1863, Sisley went on to paint with Monet, Renoir and Bazille. His first paintings reflect the Barbizon school traditions but with independent style. Sisley's paintings were accepted [...]
Born in 1951, Hunt Slonem is an American painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He is best known for his Neo-Expressionist paintings of tropical birds, often based on a personal aviary in which he has been keeping from 30 to over 100 live birds of various species. Slonem's works are included in many important museum collections all over the world.
Born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, John Sloan (1852-1931) became one of the major early 20th- century figures in New York, pioneering the Social Realist movement with Robert Henri and his circle. He was also an illustrator and early eastern painter in the Southwest. Sloan moved with his family to Philadelphia where he attended Central High School and [...]
Born in Borisoglebsk, Russia, Raphael Soyer (1899-1987) is identified as a Social Realist painter because of his interest in the common man, although he avoided subjects that were particularly critical of society. Soyer moved with his family to the Lower East Side of New York City in 1913, after they were deported from Russia by the Tsarist [...]
Left: “The Gallant Indies (Les Indes galantes)”, 1966, private collection Bridgeman Art Library © Frank Stella. ARS, NY and DACS, London 2015 Right: Mr Stella in his studio, New York, 1968 © Malcolm Lubliner Frank Stella is an American painter, sculptor and master printmaker whose idea of a painting as an object, had a [...]
Born in Muro Lucano, near Naples, Italy, Joseph Stella (1877-1946) is best known for his painting Brooklyn Bridge, 1919 a futurist work that is an icon of the Industrial Age. He arrived in the United States in 1896 and studied medicine and pharmacology and then attended the Art Students League under William Merritt Chase. From 1900 -1909, [...]
Anthony Thieme (20 February 1888 – 6 December 1954) Anthony Thieme (1888-1954) was born in Rotterdam, Holland. He studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in The Hague, Holland, under George Hacker; Garlobini, Guardaciona; and Mancini in Italy. He also studied in Germany. In the 1920's he emigrated to the United States, initially residing [...]
Mark Tobey (1890-1976) was a painter of small abstract works with underlying religious themes as well as an illustrator and muralist. Tobey remains known primarily for his "white writing" paintings that give the impression of being expansive and much larger than they actually are.
Andy Warhol (1928-1987) was an American painter, printmaker, and filmmaker who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became famous worldwide for his work as a painter, avant-garde filmmaker, record producer, author, and member of highly diverse social circles that included Bohemian [...]
Genre-figure painter Francis Coates Jones (1877-1963) was born in Baltimore, Maryland. He first expressed an interest in art in 1876 when visiting Edwin Abbey. Jones and his brother, H. Bolton Jones, a painter of landscapes, then worked at Pont-Aven, Brittany in an artists' colony attended by Robert Wylie and Thomas Hovenden. Pont-Aven would soon become famous for Paul [...]
Max Weber (1881-1961) was born in Russia and at age ten emigrated with his family to the United States, settling in New York City. Weber is considered one of America's earliest modernists, and his long career witnessed many stylistic changes. Through the 1920s his work paid homage to such European artists as Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Pablo [...]
Neil Welliver [1929-2005] Neil Welliver was an American landscape painter and educator, who found inspiration in the woods surrounding his home in Maine. Early Life and Education Neil Welliver was born in 1929 in the small town of Millville, Pennsylvania, where he graduated at the bottom of his high school class of 21. Welliver received his BA [...]
Theodore Wendel (1859-1932) was the product of a Midwestern upbringing. He had two years of study at the University of Cincinnati School of Design and then continued his art studies in Munich. In 1897, he enrolled in Frank Duveneck's class at Polling, Bavaria and studied in Italy for several years as one of the "Duveneck Boys," spending [...]
Tom Wesselmann, 1962 Tom Wesselmann was one of America’s most innovative Pop artists. A painter, printmaker and sculptor, his work is as American as the country and western music he sang and wrote. Early Years and Education Tom Wesselmann was born and raised in Cincinnati, Ohio. He attended Hiram College and then transferred to the [...]
John Whalley uses historic photos, objects as inspiration for artworks John Whalley was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1954, Whalley's mother, herself an artist and graduate of the Pratt Institute, encouraged him to draw and paint from an early age. He completed his first oil painting at eight years of age at his [...]
Born in Lowell, Massachusetts, James Whistler (1834-1903) became one of the most influential late 19th-century American painters and etchers, although he lived primarily in England. He worked in a wide variety of styles that included Impressionism, Symbolism, and Art Nouveau. He was especially influential in the Tonalist movement and was a catalyst for those who wanted to [...]
It was from his studio in New York’s Washington Square Park, that Wiggins began to paint the winter landscapes that got him recognized as one of America’s finest Impressionist painters. At age 20, Wiggins became one of the youngest artists to have a work included in the permanent collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Grant Wood painted idyllic scenes of Iowa farm life. His Regionalist paintings were comforting to Midwesterners, at a time when the country was reeling from the impact of war and the Depression. Early Life Grant Wood was born on a small farm in rural Iowa in 1891. His father died in 1901, when Wood was ten. Wood’s [...]
Andrew Wyeth on the Kuerner Farm in Chadds Ford, Pa., in 1991. David Alan Harvey/Magnum Photos Pa kept me almost in a jail, just kept me to himself in my own world, and he wouldn’t let anyone in on it. I was almost made to stay in Sherwood Forest with Maid Marion and the [...]
James Browning Wyeth was born, in 1946, into a family of gifted American artists. His father, Andrew Wyeth, grandfather, N.C. Wyeth, and aunt, Carolyn Wyeth all contributed to his art education. Early Life and Education Wyeth was raised in Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania, home of the Brandywine School, established by artist Howard Pyle. Pyle was the teacher [...]
Stephen Scott Young, Born 1957 Stephen Scott Young is one of America’s finest contemporary realist painters. Young’s watercolors and etchings have been compared to those of Winslow Homer and John Singer Sargent. Young is just one of the few living artists whose work has been offered for auction at Christie’s. Early Life and Education Young [...]